The pomeranian

The Pomeranian dwarf spitz is thought to be a descendant of the wolf spitz, which migrated from northern Russia and Siberia to Pomerania early in history. They have the same ancestry as the Samoyeds, the shipers and many other Arctic dogs like the wolf spitz.

Long-bred Spitz breeds were used for guarding and sledding, while smaller breeds were kept as companions.

The Pomeranian dwarf spitz was 13 kg at this time, and was bred and dwarfed to the look we know today.

In different countries the breed was still called differently Italy-Volpino, France: Lulu Belgium: Farkas spitz, Germany: German spitz. In the 17th century, the Pomeranian was introduced to England after Queen Charlotte, who married a Spitz in 1761, became part of the royal family of the English monarchy, but it was her daughter Queen Victoria who made the Toy Pomeranian popular with the people.

Queen Victoria had already bred dogs weighing 5-5.5 kg and it was then that the breed began to be refined. In 1870, the English Kennel Club first exhibited the breed, then only 3 of them. Queen Victoria refined it by bringing smaller and different coloured dogs from different countries to England. The colours of the Pomeranian rainbow did not exist at this early stage. References to the colour of the pomch can be found in the magazine ‘Sportmans cabinet’ in 1804, which states that the pomch or wolf spitz is mostly yellow, cream and lighter shades on the underparts. There are also white, a few black, and the spotted one is very rare… Many celebrities still have a pom-pom today and famous people like Maria Antoinette and Mozart used to have one.


Small, sturdy, graceful puppy. Dense double coat, long coarse upstanding topcoat and a soft woolly undercoat. The tail that slicks back is a feature of the pomch that sets it apart from other spitz dogs. The tail fur reaches to the back of the dog’s head giving the illusion of a fan. The head and the short bridge of the nose are of medium size, with a nose to skull ratio of 1:2.

It has almond-shaped eyes, small upturned ears, an intelligent, kind and cheerful expression. Its gait is as active as a sewing machine, its carriage is distinguished.

Body weight

Chickens: 1.8-3 kg /20-23 cm in height. For this height, everything must be proportionate to the regular rectangle.

Bitches: 2-3-4kg/20-24 cm height at withers. For this height the ratio is also recommended, but if the body is slightly longer it is acceptable because it gives an advantage for breeding.

Females may be larger than males. There is currently only one standard size no toy, mini, normal.

Beware of breeders who advertise this as they have all their dogs for sale and will tell you what you want to hear. As you have read on my introduction page, my aim is not quantity but quality, and this costs money, so quality and guarantee have to be paid for. While a breeder/livelihood dog owner does not have that in mind. He does not travel and pays out more than he really has to. What has been proven is that spaying and neutering can prolong the life of a puppy.


He’s a happy, cheerful, good-humoured dog, not very active, but he needs walks every day. Of course, as with all breeds, individuals can have different temperaments and exercise needs (I have seen agility pugs).You can’t really not like him, you can’t be angry with him, so he is very difficult to discipline and is the best to be fond of.

If you put all your preconceptions aside and treat them as dogs, they are very easy to train and extremely obedient, never doing anything the owner doesn’t like. He would never leave me on a walk because he watches my every move and demands that I praise him for being so well behaved, and he just smiles and smiles and smiles.


They shed very heavily, but the good news is that they only shed twice a year, and they shed quite quickly. They have a lot of fur, so at this time you have to comb them daily if you don’t want to be constantly vacuuming. The rest of the year we don’t have much trouble with it. Twice a week is a good time to brush the undercoat well, and every 3-4 weeks is enough to give it a bath, as it doesn’t stink, just gets slightly dirty. I always repeat, you should always DRY it, because it’s very hard for the undercoat to dry and it can get cold, fungus, dandruff. This applies to all large haired dogs.


It’s easy, but you should always do it when the time is right. After a thorough shampooing, it requires a much, much more thorough rinse. Your skin can itch and burn if the shampoo stays in it. Only shampoo for dogs should be used, and only diluted, never concentrated.

Balm is rarely needed, if you feel the coat is dry, then only dilute it. The eye area should be wiped with a cleansing liquid every 2-3 days. Both eyes should be cleaned with clean cotton wool discs and should not be crossed as there is a risk of infection. If kept at home, it is a good idea to take it to the beautician occasionally and have it trimmed a little to give it a rounded teddy bear look. With show specimens, everything is different, it involves a minimum of 3 hours of cosmetics and some serious, very expensive materials, but I won’t go into that now.

Nails: need to be trimmed. Teeth: they have to be chewed, or it will be a doctor and tartar removal. Because you have a small mouth you will need it sooner or later, but it doesn’t matter if it’s once a year or once every 4 years because they’re getting stoned.


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